This effort has been inspired by the “Project Gutenberg EBook of The Opera, by R.A. Streatfeild” which provides an excellent history of opera between the 1500’s and early 20th century, presenting its most important composers and their most important works.

This project was undertaken hoping that it will inform, entertain and benefit all those who love opera and/or who would like to learn more about opera and its history.

This project compiled readily and publicly available information from the internet to supplement Streatfield’s text about the time periods, composers, and operas.

Adhering to Streatfeild’s chapter structure, we provide links to other internet sites, presenting:

This is a work-in-progress, and we are aware of limitations in its present form.  Nearly a century of opera history is missing; eventually, we hope to update the history to current day.  As hard as we’ve tried to track down information for all composers and operas, we know there is more out there that we’ve missed. We believe that over time and with additional links, this site can be strengthened and improved.

For the these reasons, we would like this project to become like a Duomo of Milano  or a “Sagrada Familia of Barcelona”, works created by generations of participants. Therefore, we open the door to contribution of additional material, links, sources, etc. by readers. As we are not experts in the review of music, we would particularly welcome suggestions for additional relevant and useful links in this area. We will certainly give proper credit for all such contributions.

Of course, all the material we link to is the property of those who have posted it on the internet. We have tried the best we could to give proper credit and acknowledgment to the sources of all materials referenced in this web site. To acknowledge and credit sources we used: 1) an appropriate favicon when available; 2) the source in parentheses (= item [source]); 3) or simply listing the source.

This project was undertaken and is offered solely to serve the opera-loving reader. We will not use or attempt to use this to develop a source of money; in particular, no advertisements will be added to this site (those already present in sites we link to are the purview of the website owners).

We look forward to communications from readers that will help attain these goals. Please use the “Contact Us” form from the navigation menu for any comments, discussions, suggestions or additions.



Readers can select their preferred topic by using the main navigation menu, which appears at the top of pages, and/or by using the Table of Contents. Internal links open in the same page or window. External links open a new page; while this enables the reader to more easily cross-reference information between pages or sites, a drawback is that it is very easy to end up with many open tabs or windows.

Chapter Pages

Each Chapter Page provides: “Reading”, which presents the text for that chapter from Streatfeild’s ebook; additional background information relevant to that chapter; links to individual composer pages. (Note: Streatfeild’s opus contains only 14 chapters; this book (An Internet Book on Opera) includes extra material in Chapters 15-18 which do not have corresponding Streatfeild readings.)

Composer Pages

Each composer has his or her own page. On each page, links are arranged in the following manner:

Missing items (e.g. no libretto) indicates no source was found.


The Google Translation widget is available for pages in this web site with substantial text. These pages will open in a new window by clicking the “Click for Translation” button above titles. It’s most useful for translating the long sections of Streatfeild’s text, which appear for each chapter as  “Reading”.

Obviously, we cannot translate the external web sites found at other end of hyperlinks. For users of Internet Explorer, Google Translate and Bing Translator are useful utilities for this purpose. The Chrome browser offers a built-in translation feature which will automatically offer the option of translating any page opened in that browser.


While we have endeavored to include only valid and functional links and sources, the status of postings, links and web sites do change over time and some become defunct. We do make efforts to check links periodically for continued functionality, but if the reader should encounter a broken link, we apologize and would welcome a message alerting us to the problem that we may try to find an alternative source of information.

We have also endeavored to use reputable sources of information, but do not purport to provide definite information of any kind. We hope to simply point to sources of information from which the reader may glean something of interest and use.




Friends call me Ben. I am a retiree with a life-long interest in classical music and opera. I am the primary developer of this project. I am however immensely grateful to my daughter, whose technical assistance makes this project possible.

I extend my deepest thanks to the innumerable sources (current and future) tapped for this project, particularly the individual(s) who submitted Streatfeild’s book to Project Gutenburg for e-publication.

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Google Translation Tool: